Tuesday, August 6, 2013
How Does Arsenic Make it into Apple Juice?
Arsenic in apple juice sounds far-fetched, right? It is, after all, a beverage that is incredibly common for children to consume. But the reason for the presence of arsenic is apparently because of industrialized pesticide, preservative, and poultry feed (really???) residue that’s still hanging around in the environment long after it was banned. It’s also worth noting that apple juice concentrate is sometimes purchased from other countries, like China (where we get 60% of our apple juice concentrate), and then used to make juice. Even though they have been banned in the United States, the arsenic-laced pesticides may still be used in these other countries. There’s one more reason to buy organic, locally grown apples.
You may have heard of the arsenic issue before but dismissed it as many did before because it was considered the “safe” kind. Using “safe” and “arsenic” together sounds like an ozymoron. But “Safe” or organic arsenic occurs naturally in the environment (yes, even in some foods) and is generally considered harmless in trace amounts. Inorganic arsenic is toxic and can lead to cancer, heart disease, skin issues, and developmental delays in children. Previous reports said apple juice contained the safer of the two types of arsenic and that there was nothing to be worried about, but recent findings say otherwise—inorganic arsenic is contaminating our apple juice.
Consumer Reports tested 88 samples of apple and grape juice (which is often mostly apple juice) from 28 brands for arsenic. Ten percent of the samples contained more than the 10 ppb the FDA has deemed safe in bottled water. In addition to the arsenic, testing revealed lead in the juice. In 25% of the samples, lead was present in higher levels than the allowable 5 parts per billion. While there have been regulations put into place by the FDA for levels of arsenic and lead in drinking water, none currently exist for juice (though that should be changing soon, now that the results of this study have been reported).
Pesticides Strike Again: Avoid the Dirty Dozen
I know it’s not reasonable for most families to switch to purchasing only organic produce because it can get expensive with so many mouths to feed, but there are some types of produce that you must buy organic for your children’s health. Apples are a perfect example. Here’s a list of the Dirty Dozen, researched by the Environmental Working Group, that you should try to buy organic every time, and if you can’t buy organic for whatever reason, at least scrub and peel (when possible) them before you eat them:
- Sweet bell peppers
When kids are thirsty you can start them early on drinking water. But if they don’t want to drink plain water, at least not all the time there are some fantastic substitutes that are so much healthier for them than apple juice!
- For a fruit fix, choosing whole fruit instead of juice is always a good idea.
- Coconut water is refreshing, naturally sweet, and perfect for active kids!
- Flavored water’s another good alternative, but not that pre-packaged stuff they sell at the store that usually contains artificial sweeteners like sucralose. Instead, fill a pitcher with water and add their favorite fruits (organic)—cucumbers, limes, lemons, berries, mint, etc—and let them set overnight in the refrigerator. You could even make your own lemonade with lemon and a little stevia. I was over at a friends house this summer and her daughter made us strawberry water from strawberries she picked in their garden!
- The Glowing Green Smoothie . I’ve had clients’ toddlers and kids cry for their GGS. Starting young, these little ones love the taste and drink a few glasses of it.
If you’re experiencing parental guilt over letting your child consume apple juice over the years, stop! You didn’t know inorganic arsenic was there (even the FDA said there was absolutely nothing to worry about and is only now admitting that there could be a problem worth addressing). Just move forward with the healthier drink options, buy organic when it matters most (or always, if you can), and have the whole family follow the Beauty Detox principles as much as possible. They don’t have to be perfect, but small steps add up and having more whole foods will make a big difference for everyone.
Love to you and yours.
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